Rural inflation rate surged faster than urban inflation for the first time in 19 months in January, and economists are optimistic that signals something the country desperately needs – a revival in demand in the rural economy.
Around two-thirds of population depends on the rural sector with agriculture accounting for near 15 per cent of India’s $2.8 trillion economy, and rising inflation suggests pricing power is returning to the hands of the farmers, say economists.
“This augurs well for farmers’ cash flows in the coming months. I expect early signs of demand revival to emerge from the rural belts, going ahead,” said Rupa Rege Nitsure, chief economist at L&T Financial Holdings.
Rural inflation rose to 7.73 per cent in January, higher than the urban inflation rate – which was 7.39 per cent – for the first time since June 2018. The latest data, released on Wednesday, also showed that overall inflation was 7.59 per cent – its highest level in more than six years.
While the higher inflation readout, which comes at a time when growth has likely slumped to 11-year lows, has fanned some concerns around stagflation, economists say the inflation numbers could also signal some momentum returning to rural growth.
The central bank is mandated to keep the retail inflation rate between 2-6 per cent and it targets a medium-term inflation rate of 4 per cent.
Rural inflation has been falling over the last year and half as a lack of proper infrastructure for storage and transport had left rural India with a glut of grains and the floods in several states in 2019 made matters worse for goods transportation.
“Better returns on food prices could improve the prolonged period of unfavourable terms of trade faced by the rural sector,” said Radhika Rao, economist with DBS Bank.
This could bring a glimmer of good news for the government, which has been trying to revive growth and boost consumption.
In its budget earlier this month, the government allocated 5.6 per cent higher spends on agriculture and allied activities for the fiscal year 2020/21, as it seeks to kick-start demand.
While higher rural inflation could help kickstart economic growth, economists caution that urban demand revival remains a concern.
“To that extent that high inflation hurts urban spending, the overall demand dynamics stay unchanged,” Ms Rao said.