The economic growth is poised to bounce back after slipping to a more than six-year low of 4.5 per cent in the July-September quarter as the government has taken measures to prop up investments and consumer demand, a top government adviser said.
“Corporate tax reductions, the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code and the banking sector reforms have helped and will help propel growth further,” Sanjeev Sanyal, principal economic adviser at the finance ministry, told Reuters.
The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, introduced in May 2016, has helped banks to recover billions of dollars stuck in outstanding corporate loans and offer loans to new borrowers.
Mr Sanyal said economic growth was set to accelerate to 6 per cent in the financial year beginning in April, compared with estimated growth of 5.0 per cent in the current one.
But many private economists are less optimistic, saying the current downturn may continue for the next few quarters due to a dip in private investments and tepid consumer demand.
Nomura said Asia’s third-largest economy will see a sub-par recovery, and forecast 4.7 per cent GDP growth for the current fiscal year and 5.7 per cent for the next fiscal year.
Mr Sanyal dismissed the conservative estimates and said his numbers took into account early signs of recovery in manufacturing and a pick-up in consumer demand.
He said the government expected that average consumer price inflation would fall to 4 per cent in the next financial year beginning April, after a recent spike driven largely by food prices.
There is enough space for the central bank to further cut interest rates, however, as inflation was likely to ease following a fall in vegetable prices, he said.
“While there was a slowdown, this slowdown has by and large now bottomed out, and if anything from here on, growth is going to go up,” Mr Sanyal said.
Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman, who tabled her annual budget earlier this month, told parliament on Tuesday that the signs of “green shoots were visible” and the economy was no longer in trouble.
The Reserve Bank of India last week kept it policy rates steady but downwardly revised the country’s growth forecast for the first half of the next fiscal year to 5.5-6.0 per cent from an earlier projection of 5.9-6.3 per cent.
Mr Sanyal said the budget has offered a clutch of tax incentives for sovereign wealth and insurance funds, which would leave more banking funds for private companies despite higher state borrowings.
Other than the coronavirus outbreak in China, there is no “major other disruption,” to India, he said adding it was difficult to quantify the impact as the situation was still evolving.