Centre’s Aggressive Containment Plan To Control Runaway COVID-19 Spread

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Coronavirus: Some of the steps include sealing COVID-19 containment areas (AFP)

New Delhi:

The Health Ministry has released an aggressive containment plan for large outbreaks of COVID-19, which includes buffer zones and sealing off areas for nearly a month. The government made the containment plan after clusters posing high risk of further spread of COVID-19 emerged in several states.

The strategy is meant to contain the highly contagious disease caused by a novel coronavirus, first detected in China in December, within a defined geographical area by early detection of cases, breaking the chain of transmission and thus preventing its spread to new areas. A novel virus is one that has not been previously identified in humans.

So far 274 districts have reported COVID-19 cases, an increase of three-fold since March 22, which led the government to come up with this containment plan.

The 20-page document says the aggressive containment strategy will be scaled down only if no new cases of COVID-19 are reported for at least four weeks after the last confirmed test.

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The Health Ministry document says the geographic distribution of COVID-19 mimics the distribution of H1N1 pandemic influenza

Some of the steps the government seeks to take include sealing containment areas and stopping movement of people in and out of these areas.

All suspect and confirmed COVID-19 cases will be hospitalised and kept in isolation in hospitals dedicated to fighting the coronavirus, says the document available on the Health Ministry’s website.

Patients will be discharged only if two samples test negative for coronavirus. Those with mild symptoms will be quarantined in stadiums, those having moderate symptoms will be admitted to hospitals meant for COVID-19 care, and those with severe symptoms will be sent to tertiary or advanced hospitals.

Another step mentioned in the strategy is closure of schools, colleges and offices in containment and buffer zones. There will be no public and private transport in these areas. Only essential services will be allowed to move.

The containment plan will be eased if no COVID-19 cases are reported from the quarantine zone for at least four weeks after the last confirmed test.

The Health Ministry document says the geographic distribution of COVID-19 mimics the distribution of H1N1 pandemic influenza, which suggests that while the spread of COVID-19 in the population could be high, it’s unlikely that it will be uniformly affect all parts of the country.

“This calls for differential approach to different regions of the country, while mounting a strong containment effort in hotspots,” the document says.

Large-scale measures to contain COVID-19 over large territories have been tried in China. Mathematical modelling studies have suggested that containment might be possible especially when other public health interventions are combined with an effective social distancing strategy.

At all times doctors, nurses and paramedics working in clinical areas will wear three-layered surgical mask and gloves.

Seventy-nine people have died in India after being infected with COVID-19, the Health Ministry said today, adding that the country recorded 472 cases in last 24 hours that takes the total to 3,374.

India recorded the highest number of cases (601) and deaths (12) on Friday amid an unprecedented surge in the COVID-19 count over the last week linked to a controversial religious gathering in Delhi.

World

12,16,636Cases

8,98,463Active

2,52,440Recovered

65,733Deaths

Coronavirus has spread to 182 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 12,16,636 and 65,733 have died; 8,98,463 are active cases and 2,52,440 have recovered as on April 5, 2020 at 6:04 pm.

India

3,374 472Cases

3,030 380Active

267 83Recovered

77 9Deaths

In India, there are 3,374 confirmed cases including 77 deaths. The number of active cases is 3,030 and 267 have recovered as on April 5, 2020 at 9:00 am.

State & District Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths

DistrictCases

Mumbai173

Pune51

Mumbai Suburban41

Sangli24

Nagpur15

Thane14

Ahmednagar11

Raigad5

Palghar5

Buldhana4

Yavatmal4

Satara2

Kolhapur1

Jalgaon1

Nashik1

Aurangabad1

Ratnagiri1

Gondia1

Sindhudurg1

Details Awaited*134

490

472

42

24

DistrictCases

Chennai69

Coimbatore33

Tirunelveli30

Dindigul25

Erode25

Namakkal19

Theni12

Karur11

Madurai11

Thiruvarur9

Tiruppur8

Thoothukudi6

Salem6

Virudhunagar5

Sivaganga5

Kanniyakumari5

Tiruvannamalai4

Villupuram4

Kanchipuram4

Nagapattinam3

Ramanathapuram2

Vellore2

Tiruchirappalli1

Ariyalur1

Details Awaited*185

485 74

482 75

6

3 1

DistrictCases

South77

South West14

West10

East9

North West9

South East9

North East8

North6

Central4

New Delhi3

Shahdara2

Details Awaited*294

445

436

15

6

DistrictCases

Kasaragod58

Kannur25

Ernakulam18

Pathanamthitta14

Kozhikode6

Malappuram6

Thiruvananthapuram6

Thrissur5

Idukki3

Kottayam3

Palakkad3

Alappuzha2

Kollam1

Wayanad1

Details Awaited*155

306 11

259 3

49 8

2

DistrictCases

Hyderabad55

Warangal Urban12

Medchal Malkajgiri9

Ranga Reddy7

Karimnagar5

Mahabubnagar4

Kamareddy4

Bhadradri Kothagudem4

Nalgonda3

Sangareddy2

Nizamabad2

Jogulamba Gadwal2

Suryapet1

Mulugu1

Nagarkurnool1

Jangoan1

Mahabubabad1

Medak1

Details Awaited*154

269 110

244 79

32 31

7

DistrictCases

Gautam Buddha Nagar28

Meerut12

Agra11

Lucknow7

Ghaziabad6

Baghpat2

Moradabad2

Bareilly1

Ghazipur1

Jaunpur1

Kanpur Nagar1

Kheri1

Pilibhit1

Varanasi1

Shamli1

Details Awaited*151

227 53

210 53

19

2

DistrictCases

Jaipur36

Bhilwara23

Jodhpur14

Tonk9

Jhunjhunu8

Churu6

Ajmer5

Bharatpur3

Dungarpur3

Pratapgarh2

Alwar2

Udaipur1

Jaisalmer1

Sikar1

Pali1

Dholpur1

Dausa1

Details Awaited*83

200

179

21

0

DistrictCases

Visakhapatnam3

Krishna2

Chittoor1

East Godavari1

Guntur1

Spsr Nellore1

Prakasam1

Details Awaited*151

161

161

1

1

DistrictCases

Bengaluru Urban38

Mysuru11

Uttar Kannad9

Chikballapur9

Dakshin Kannad4

Kalaburagi3

Udupi3

Bengaluru Rural2

Davangere2

Chitradurga1

Dharwad1

Kodagu1

Tumakuru1

Details Awaited*59

144 16

136 17

12

4 1

DistrictCases

Ahmadabad32

Surat10

Gandhinagar9

Vadodara9

Rajkot7

Bhavnagar4

Porbandar3

Gir Somnath2

Kachchh1

Mahesana1

Botad1

Details Awaited*26

105

101

14

10

DistrictCases

Indore65

Jabalpur7

Ujjain5

Bhopal4

Gwalior2

Shivpuri2

Details Awaited*19

104

110

0

6

DistrictCases

Srinagar17

Bandipora11

Badgam7

Udhampur4

Jammu3

Rajauri3

Baramulla2

Pulwama2

Shopian2

Details Awaited*41

92 17

90 16

4 1

2

DistrictCases

Kolkata15

Nadia5

Hooghly4

24 Paraganas North3

Medinipur East3

24 Paraganas South2

Howrah2

Medinipur West1

Details Awaited*34

69

62

10 7

3

DistrictCases

Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar18

S.a.s Nagar9

Hoshiarpur5

Jalandhar5

Amritsar2

Ludhiana2

Patiala1

Details Awaited*15

57

61

1

5

DistrictCases

Gurugram25

Faridabad6

Panipat4

Sirsa3

Panchkula2

Ambala1

Hisar1

Sonipat1

Palwal1

Details Awaited*5

49

25

24

0

DistrictCases

Patna5

Munger4

Saharsa2

Begusarai1

Lakhisarai1

Nalanda1

Siwan1

Details Awaited*15

30

31

0

1

DistrictCases

Marigaon2

Karimganj1

Nalbari1

Details Awaited*20

24

24

0

0

DistrictCases

Dehradun6

Pauri Garhwal1

Details Awaited*15

22 6

20 6

2

0

DistrictCases

Khordha3

Details Awaited*17

20 15

20 15

0

0

DistrictCases

Chandigarh16

Details Awaited*2

18

18

0

0

DistrictCases

Leh Ladakh11

Kargil2

Details Awaited*1

14

4

10 7

0

DistrictCases

North And Middle Andaman7

South Andamans3

10

10

0

0

DistrictCases

Raipur4

Bilaspur1

Durg1

Rajnandgaon1

Details Awaited*2

9

6

3

0

DistrictCases

North Goa2

South Goa1

Details Awaited*4

7

7

0

0

DistrictCases

Kangra3

Details Awaited*3

6

6

1

1

DistrictCases

Mahe1

Details Awaited*4

5

4

1

0

DistrictCases

Details Awaited*2

2

2

0

0

DistrictCases

Imphal West1

Details Awaited*1

2

2

0

0

1

1

0

0

DistrictCases

Details Awaited*1

1

1

0

0

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