Bond markets rallied on Tuesday after the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) announced a new category for foreign investors, while hopes of a reduction in April’s borrowing or cancellation ahead of the first-half borrowing plan aided sentiment. The RBI said on Monday it was introducing a new category called the “fully accessible route” for foreign investors, in line with the budget announcement earlier this year.
Investors can buy all fresh issuance of 5, 10 and 30-year bonds starting April 1 under this category, while five existing papers will also become eligible to be held under this, the RBI said.
India may slash or even cancel its planned borrowings from the market for April, looking at its options amid a nationwide lockdown prompted by the coronavirus outbreak, two finance ministry sources told Reuters.
The government is due to announce its plan at 6 pm local time on Tuesday.
The benchmark 10-year bond yield was down 10 basis points on the day at 6.11 per cent, as of 11:20 am. Traders said there was a possibility of the bond yield falling to 6% if the April borrowing was indeed cut.
“RBI is becoming innovative and is ready to use new tools and ideas,” said Paresh Nayar, head of fixed income and forex at First Rand Bank, adding that the rally in bonds was on account of the new route and talks of April borrowing being reduced.
“It is an unprecedented situation and the RBI/FM (finance ministry) are working together to support the financial systems to whatever extent possible,” he added.
The RBI said it can also include new tenors or change those of new securities eligible under FAR route from time to time.
India is scheduled to borrow a gross Rs 7.8 lakh crore in the financial year of 2021.
Assuming that government sells 15 per cent of FY21 gross borrowing is in the eligible tenors it would amount to debt worth Rs 1.2 lakh crore. The current outstanding debt worth Rs 4.3 lakh crore also becomes eligible under the new route from April and that would take total eligible securities to $70 billion.
“If inclusion into global indices is considered, this might translate into a potential weight of 4 per cent-6 per cent on the JPM GBI-EM Index and <1 per cent on the Bloomberg Global aggregate bond index,” DBS Bank economist Radhika Rao said in a note.
“Scope of incremental flows hinge on the broader risk-environment, which at this juncture is tepid… If and when bonds are included in global benchmarks (also factoring in the lead time for due processes), the economy will able to draw in less-volatile and long-term focused funds,” she added.
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